Iontophoresis Device: A Review of Technologies and Limitations


  • Ana Šćekić Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Montenegro
  • Kristina Tomović Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Montenegro


electrotherapy, iontophoresis, home therapy, portable devices, medicine, non-invasive drug delivery


This paper presents a review of the development of iontophoresis devices and their applications in medicine, including various medical fields such as cancer research and hyperhidrosis. Iontophoresis is a non-invasive drug delivery method that uses an electric current to drive charged ions through the skin and into the body. The technique has been used in a variety of medical fields and is gaining popularity due to its ability to deliver drugs directly to the site of injury or disease, reducing systemic side effects.

The review covers the historical background of iontophoresis, including early experiments and the evolution of the technology over time. It also discusses the different types of iontophoresis devices available on the market, their mechanisms of action, and the advantages and disadvantages of each. In addition, the review provides an overview of the current clinical applications of iontophoresis, with a focus on the fields of cancer research and hyperhidrosis.

The review concludes with a discussion of the current challenges and future directions of iontophoresis technology. The information presented here will be useful to researchers, clinicians, healthcare professionals, and electrical engineers interested in the latest developments in iontophoresis technology and its applications in medicine.